SEBI COMPLAINTS REDRESS SYSTEM (SCORES)
Filing of complaints on SCORES - Easy & quick
• Register on SCORES portal
• Mandatory details for filing complaints on SCORES: Name, PAN, Address, Mobile Number, Email ID
• Benefits: Effective communication
| Speedy redressal of the grievances
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)
SECTION: I
(FAQ FOR INVESTORS)
1.
What is SCORES?
SCORES is an online platform designed to help investors to lodge their complaints, pertaining to securities market,
online with SEBI against listed companies and SEBI registered intermediaries. All complaints received by SEBI against
listed companies and SEBI registered intermediaries are dealt through SCORES.
2.
Which are the complaints that come under the purview of SEBI?
Complaints arising out of issues that are covered under SEBI Act, Securities Contract Regulation Act, Depositories Act
and rules and regulation made there under and relevant provisions of Companies Act, 2013.
3.
Which are the matters that cannot be considered as complaints in SCORES?
a. Complaint not pertaining to investment in securities market
b. Anonymous Complaints (except whistleblower complaints)
c. Incomplete or un-specific complaints
d. Allegations without supporting documents
e. Suggestions or seeking guidance/explanation
f. Not satisfied with trading price of the shares of the companies
g. Non-listing of shares of private offer
h. Disputes arising out of private agreement with companies/intermediaries
i. Matter involving fake/forged documents
j. Complaints on matters not in SEBI purview
k. Complaints about any unregistered/un-regulated activity
4.
Complaints against which type of companies cannot be dealt on SCORES?
Complaints against the following companies cannot be dealt through SCORES even though the complaint may be
against a listed entity/SEBI registered intermediary:
a. Complaints against the companies which are unlisted/delisted, placed on the Dissemination Board of Stock
Exchange.
b. Complaints against a sick company or a company where a moratorium order is passed in winding up / insolvency
proceedings.
c. Complaints against the companies where the name of company is struck off from Registrar of Companies (RoC) or
a Vanishing Company as per list published by Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
d. Suspended companies, companies under liquidation, BIFR etc.
e. Complaints that are sub-judice i.e. relating to cases which are under consideration by court of law, quasi-judicial
proceedings etc.
f. Complaints against companies, falling under the purview of other regulatory bodies viz. The Reserve Bank of India
(RBI), The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), the Pension Funds Regulatory and
Development Authority (PFRDA), Competition Commission of India (CCI), etc., or under the purview of other
ministries viz., MCA, etc.
The relevant Regulators/Authorities for some of the grievances which are not dealt by SEBI are given below:
Regulators/Authorities
Grievances pertaining to
Website
Banks deposits and banking Fixed
Reserve Bank of
Deposits with Non-Banking Financial
http://www.rbi.org.in
India (RBI)/Banking
Companies (NBFCs) and other matters
https://bankingombudsman.rbi.org.in/
Ombudsman
pertaining to NBFCs Primary Dealers
Ministry of Corporate
Deposits u/s 73 & 74 of Companies
Affairs(MCA)
Act, 2013 Unlisted companies
Mismanagement of companies,
financial performance of the company,
Annual General Meeting, etc.
Nidhi Companies Companies struck
http://www.mca.gov.in
off from RoC Vanishing Company. All
matters as delegated under overriding
powers under Companies Act 2013
Sick companies or a company where
a moratorium order is passed in winding
up Companies under liquidation
Insurance Regulatory
Insurance Companies/Brokers/
http://www.irdaindia.org
and
Agents/products
Development Authority
and Service
of India (IRDAI)
Pension Fund Regulatory
and Development
Pension funds
http://www.pfrda.org.in
Authority (PFRDA)
Competition Commission
Monopoly and anti-competitive
http://www.cci.gov.in
of India (CCI)
Practices
National Housing Bank
Housing Finance Companies
www.nhb.org.in
(NHB)
Insolvency and
Companies where insolvency
Bankruptcy Board
http://www.ibbi.gov.in
proceedings has started
of India
www.bseindia.com
Respective Stock
Complaints against suspended
www.nseindia.com
Exchange
companies
www.msei.in
5.
Is there any time line for lodging complaint on SCORES?
From 1st August 2018, an investor may lodge a complaint on SCORES within three years from the date of cause of
complaint, where;
Investor has approached the listed company or registered intermediary for redressal of the complaint and,
The concerned listed company or registered intermediary rejected the complaint or,
The complainant does not receive any communication from the listed company or intermediary concerned or,
The complainant is not satisfied with the reply given to him or redressal action taken by the listed company or an
intermediary.
In case investor fails to lodge a complaint within the stipulated time, he may directly take up the complaint with the
entity concerned or may approach appropriate court of law.
6.
Indicative instance to understand the date of cause of complaint mentioned in FAQ number 5?
If the date of declaration of dividend by a company is 01.01.2015, as per the Companies Act, 2013 the Company has
to pay the dividend within 30 days from the declaration of the dividend date to all its registered shareholder. If the
Company fails to pay the declared dividend within 30 days i.e. 31.01.2015 as the dividend was declared on
01.01.2015, the date of cause of complaint would be 31.01.2015 and a complaint can be lodged on SCORES within 3
years from 31.01.2015 i.e. on or before 30.01.2018.
7.
How can investors lodge their complaint online in SCORES?
a. From 1st August 2018, it has been made mandatory to register on SCORES for lodging a complaint.
b. To become a registered user of SCORES, investors may click on “Register here” under “Investor Corner” appearing
on the homepage of SCORES portal. Investors will have to fill in Registration form. Fields like Name, Address, E-
mail Address, PAN and Mobile Number are mandatory fields and are required to be filled up. The username and
password of SCORES will be sent to the investor’s registered email id. If an investor is already a registered user,
they can login by entering their username and password.
c. After logging into SCORES, investors must click on “Complaint Registration” under “Investor Corner”.
d. Investor should provide complaint details.
e. Investors must select the correct complaint category, entity name, and nature of complaint.
f. Investors must provide complaint details in brief (up to 1000 characters).
g. A PDF document (up to 2MB of size for each nature of complaint) can also be attached along with the complaint as
supporting document.
On successful submission of complaint, system generated unique registration number will be displayed on the
screen which may be noted for future correspondence. An email acknowledging the complaint with complaint
registration number will also be sent to the email id entered in the complaint registration form. A text message will
also be sent to the investor informing them about registration of the complaint.
8.
What mandatory information is required for lodging investor's complaint on SCORES?
For lodging a complaint on SCORES, the following personal information has to be mandatorily provided by
investors/complainants:
a. Name
b. Address
c. E-mail Address
d. PAN and
e. Mobile Number
If any of the above information is not provided by the investor, the investor shall not be able to lodge a complaint on
SCORES.
9.
How can investors become a registered user?
To become a registered user of SCORES, an investor can click on “Register here” appearing on the homepage of the
SCORES portal. The investor will have to fill in the registration form. Fields like Name, Address, E-mail Address, PAN
and Mobile Number are mandatory fields and are required to be filled up. The username and password of SCORES
will be sent to the registered email id provided in the Registration Form.
10.
How are investor complaints handled?
It was seen that investors frequently lodged complaint on SCORES without actually taking the matter up with the
concerned company/ intermediary. In view of the same, from August 01, 2018, complaints will be handled as
follows:
A. At the time of lodging of complaint, the investor is asked “Have you lodged a complaint with the concerned
intermediary / listed company for redressal of your complaint?”
B. If the investor selects the option “No”:
a. The complaint will be routed directly to the concerned entity. Since this is the first time the issue will be raised
with the concerned entity, such “Direct complaints” will be addressed by the concerned entity and the
response will come to the investor without any interference of SEBI officials.
b. The concerned entity is required to send a response to the investor directly within 30 days.
c. If the concerned entity fails to send a response within 30 days to the investor, then the complaint will be routed
to SEBI automatically. Thereafter, the complaint will have a new SCORES registration number.
d. In case the investor is dissatisfied with the redressal of the complaint, the investor has to indicate the same
against the complaint and then the complaint will come to SEBI. If the investor does not indicate the same
within 15 days of receipt of reply from the company, it will be assumed that the investor is satisfied with the
redressal and the complaint will be closed.
C. If the investor selects the option “Yes”
a) The complainant has to provide the date of taking up the complaint and also the address where the
communication was last made.
b) The complaint will be routed to SEBI.
When the complaint comes to SEBI, the complaint is examined and its decided whether the subject matter falls
under the purview of SEBI and whether it needs to be referred to concerned entity. After examination, SEBI forwards
the complaint to the concerned entity with an advice to send a written reply to the investor and file an action taken
report in SCORES.
11.
Why are certain characters not accepted while lodging a complaint?
Certain characters are not accepted for security reasons. However, the characters which are permissible are
mentioned against each field while lodging the complaint. In case certain non-usable characters are entered, then a
clear explicit error message is displayed.
12.
Why are some companies/intermediaries against whom an investor wants to register a complaint are not
available?
Names of intermediaries not registered with SEBI and names of unlisted companies are not available in SCORES.
It is also possible that a company/entity might have changed its name, merged into another entity or delisted or its
registration with SEBI might have expired and hence its name is not available on SCORES.
13.
If an investor wants to lodge a complaint against a company which pertains to the period between filing of DRHP
and prior to listing, in which category should it be lodged?
An investor should lodge it in “Prelisting/Offer document” category under Listed Companies menu. The screen shot
is provided below:
14.
How can investors attach a document along with their complaint?
If any supporting document is required to be attached along with the complaint, an investor can upload that
document (only PDF) at the time of lodging the complaint.There is a field “Upload Supporting Document” followed
by a button “Browse”. On clicking the browse button, a pop-up window will open, prompting the investor to select
the PDF document to be uploaded. After selecting the PDF file, click “Attach” button to enclose the selected
document with the complaint. Please note that for security reasons, only PDF file can be attached. An investor can
upload a file in PDF format up to a maximum size of 2 MB for each nature of complaint.
15.
Why can investors not upload the documents in Word or Excel? What if investors do not have a PDF converter?
Word and Excel documents are editable and therefore their integrity cannot be maintained. In case an investor does
not have a PDF convertor it may be downloaded readily from the internet.
16.
If investors want to attach a document of more than 2MB, what should they do?
An investor can attach a document file size up to 2MB for each nature of complaint and each complaint can have up to
a maximum of 5 natures. If the document size exceeds 2MB, then the document quality (dpi) may be reduced to
shrink the document size to 2MB and upload only the necessary documents.
17.
What can investors do if they are not able to register a complaint online?
The website of SCORES is best viewed in all the favorite browsers like, Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome and Mozilla
Firefox.
Due to network issues, if at a particular time investors are not able to lodge their complaint, the investor may try
again later.
18.
How can investors check the status of their Complaint?
To check the complaint status, an investor can click on “View Complaint Status” under “Investor Corner” on the
homepage. Alternatively, the investor can also login into their account and click on “View Complaint Status” under
“Investor Corner”.
Step 1: Provide the complaint registration number which was allotted at the time of registration of complaint.
Step 2: Please enter password.
a) If the investor is a SCORES registered user, then the password willbe the investor's e-mail ID registered with SEBI.
b) If the investor is not a SCORES registered user, please enter the password which was communicated by SEBI in the
acknowledgement letter sent to the investor.
Step 3: Enter the captcha/security code
On verifying the correctness of registration number, password and security code, the current status of the complaint
is displayed.
19.
How can investors know the dealing officer of their complaint?
An investor can go to the 'View Complaint Status' section of SCORES. Once the investor enters the registration
number, password and captcha/security code, they can see the name and e-mail address of the Dealing officer
handling their complaint on SCORES after keeping the cursor on the field “Dealing Office”.
20.
What should investors do if they forget the password to see their complaint status?
If the investor is a SCORES registered user, then the password to see the complaint status is the registered e-mail
address.
However, if the investor is not a SCORES registered user, then the password is given in the acknowledgment letter
sent to them.
21.
Can investors have a single password for all their complaints?
If the complainant is a SCORES registered user, they can get a single password.
22.
How can investors send reminder for their complaint?
If investors want to send reminder for their earlier lodged complaint, then investors can login into SCORES using their
Username and Password, click on the link “Send Reminder” under “Investor Corner”. Provide details like Registration
number, Reminder details and the security code.
Please note that a reminder can only be sent by the investor after 30 days have lapsed from the date of lodging of
complaint. For Direct Complaints, an investor cannot send any reminder.
23.
How can investors reply to a clarification sought from them?
If a clarification has been sought by SEBI or the entity against which complaint is lodged, the investor can send the
reply online. The reply can be sent by clicking on the link “Send Reply” while viewing the status of complaint through
“View Complaint Status Form” (Please refer to the reply to question “How do I check the status of my Complaint?”).
24.
Can investors complain about market or price manipulation, accounting manipulation or violation of Insider
trading regulations?
The information provided under the categories of Price/market manipulation, accounting manipulation and Insider
trading will be treated as market intelligence. Therefore, no complaint number and acknowledgement shall be sent
to the complainant. Also, the same would not be tracked through SCORES. This information shall be treated as
confidential. This information will be analyzed and if found necessary, further action will be taken. The status of
information cannot be ascertained as SEBI conducts the investigations confidentially in a holistic manner. In order to
aid SEBI to carry out its surveillance activity, investors are encouraged to provide correct and complete information.
SEBI will neither confirm nor deny the existence of any investigation. Any regulatory actions taken by SEBI are
published at SEBI website at www.sebi.gov.in
25.
Can investors give suggestions through SCORES website?
No. SCORES has been created with the sole purpose of handling investor complaints against listed companies/ SEBI
registered intermediaries. Investors can send their suggestions/queries, if any, to email id asksebi@sebi.gov.in
26.
How long does it take the entity to respond to investor complaint?
Entities are required to submit the action taken report within a reasonable period but not later than 30 days.
27.
When are investor complaints disposed of?
Complaints are disposed of by SEBI
a. On receipt of satisfactory action taken report along with supporting documents, if any, from the concerned entity
responsible for resolving the complaint
b. On failure by the investor/complainant to give complete details/documents required for redressal of their
complaint within theprescribed time
c. When the concerned entity's case is pending with court/ other judicial authority.
28.
Whether investors will receive intimation about disposal of their complaint?
Yes. If the complaint is made through SCORES by a SCORES registered user, an email is sent to the complainant's email
id available in SCORES. Further if mobile number is provided by investor, an SMS is also sent to the investor intimating
disposal of the complaint.
Complainants can also view the disposal details online by following the procedure given above in answer to “How do
I check the status of my Complaint?”
29.
What can investors do if they are not satisfied with the disposal of their complaint?
On disposal of complaint in SCORES, investors have an option to indicate whether they are satisfied with the closure
of the complaint or not. If unsatisfied, the investor may tick on the 'unsatisfied' icon and then provide the reasons
thereto. However, the investor shall have to mandatorily provide the reasons for being unsatisfied with the
redressal.
This one time option shall be available to an investor for a period of fifteen days from the date of closure of their
complaint in SCORES. If this option is exercised, the complaint shall be escalated to the appropriate Supervising
Officer.
30.
What are the difficulties in dealing with investor complaints?
In certain cases, the entity or company denies wrongdoing, and it remains unclear as to who is wrong or whether any
wrongdoing occurred at all. If this happens, SEBI cannot act as a judge or an arbitrator and force the entity or
company to resolve the complaint. Further, SEBI cannot act as a personal representative or attorney. But the law
allows investors to take legal action on their own.
31.
Can investors take legal action on their own?
Securities and other laws provide important legal rights and remedies if investors have suffered wrongdoing. Acting
on their own, they can seek to resolve the complaint through the courts, consumer courts, or arbitration.
To take advantage of these laws, the complainant must take legal actionpromptly or they may lose the right to
recover funds. It may be noted that as per the "law of limitations," there are some time periods within which court
proceedings should be initiated.
32.
When can SEBI take action for non-resolution of investor complaints?
For listed companies: SEBI has empowered stock exchanges to levy fine for non-redressal of investor complaints in
terms of the relevant provisions of SEBI (Listing and Disclosure Requirements) Regulations, 2015 to be read with SEBI
circular SEBI/HO/CFD/CMD/CIR/P/2018/77 dated 03 May, 2018.
If the complaint is not redressed/ fine is not paid, the stock exchanges can direct the depositories to freeze the entire
shareholding of the promoter and promoter group in such entity as well as all other securities held in the demat
account of the promoter and promoter group. If non- compliance continues, the stock exchanges may refer such
cases to SEBI for enforcement actions, if any.
Notwithstanding the above, while the entity is directly responsible for redressal of investor complaints, SEBI can
initiate action against recalcitrant entities including registered intermediaries and listed companies on the grounds
of their failure to redress investor complaints.
33.
When can investors refer their case to arbitration?
If there is any dispute (claims, complaints, differences, etc.) between a client and a member of Stock Exchange (i.e.
Stock Broker, Trading Member and Clearing Member) / a member of Depository [i.e. depository participant (DP)]
which has not been resolved to their satisfaction, either party can prefer for an arbitration proceedings for
settlement of their disputes.
Arbitration is a quasi-judicial process for settlement of disputes. Stock Exchanges/ Depositories provide an
arbitration mechanism for settlement of disputes (claims, complaints, differences, etc.) between a client and a
member/depositories participant (DP) through arbitration proceedings in accordance with the provisions of SEBI
Act/ Regulations/ Circulars/ guidelines read with Section 2(4) of the Arbitration and Conciliation, Act, 1996.
The limitation period for filing an arbitration reference is governed by the law of limitation, i.e., The Limitation Act,
1963.
To obtain information about how to file an arbitration claim, the following links may be seen:
BSE: https://www.bseindia.com/static/investors/arbitration_mechanism.aspx
NSE: https://www.nseindia.com/invest/content/about_arbitration.htm
34. How can investors learn more on other issues related to securities market?
Investors may learn more on other issues related to securities market through FAQs provided in the link below:
http://www.sebi.gov.in/cms/sebi_data/attachdocs/1315458767512.pdf
https://www.sebi.gov.in/sebiweb/other/OtherAction.do?doFaq=yes https://investor.sebi.gov.in
35.
Can an investor lodge a complaint against a company which is on Dissemination Board of a stock exchange?
Companies which were exclusively listed on the erstwhile regional stock exchanges and did not get listed on the Main
Board of any nation-wide stock exchange or provided exit to the investors, were transferred to Dissemination Board
(DB) of nation-wide Stock Exchanges. These companies ceased to be listed companies and were transferred to DB for
the purpose of providing exit to investors. Similarly companies which are compulsorily delisted by the nation-wide
stock exchanges are also placed on DB for the sole purpose of providing exit to the investors.
If there is any valuation related complaint for exit from the company, then the investor may lodge it through SCORES.
Since the companies on DB have ceased to be listed companies, for all other matters, the investor may approach the
companies directly or the appropriate authority in this regard.
36.
Is there a telephone number where investors can call to get help on matters related to SCORES?
To facilitate replies to various queries of the general public and on guiding them with regard to grievances in matters
relating to securities market, SEBI launched toll free helpline service number 1800 266 7575 or 1800 22 7575 on
December 30, 2011.
The toll free helpline service will answer to queries on
• Lodging of complaints on SCORES
• Knowing the status of complaint(s)
• Other matters related to complaints
The toll free helpline service is available to investors from all over India
The toll free helpline service is available on all days from 9:00 a.m to 6:00 p.m (excluding declared holidays in state of
Maharashtra).
SECTION: II (FAQ FOR INFORMATION OF LISTED COMPANIES & REGISTERED INTERMEDIARIES)
1. Is it necessary for all registered intermediaries and listed companies to take SCORES authentication?
Yes, except stock brokers, sub-brokers and Depository Participants.
2. Why have stock brokers, sub-brokers and Depository Participants been excluded from taking SCORES
authentication?
Investor complaints received against stock brokers, sub-brokers and Depository Participants are not directly routed
to the respective entities in the SCORES system. The complaints are forwarded to the aforesaid intermediaries by
SCORES through the platforms of Stock Exchanges and Depositories. This obviates the need of taking SCORES
authentication by stock brokers, sub-brokers and Depository Participants.
However, in case of other intermediaries and listed companies, investor complaints are directly forwarded by
SCORES to the entities, which necessitates obtaining of SCORES authentication by them.
3.
Is it necessary for an entity to take SCORES authentication separately for each category of intermediary
registration granted to them by SEBI?
Yes, an entity has to take SCORES authentication separately for each category of intermediary registration granted to
them by SEBI.
4.
In addition to being a SEBI registered stock broker/ sub-broker/ Depository Participant, an entity may also be
registered with SEBI as some other intermediary. In such cases, is it necessary for the entity to take SCORES
authentication?
An entity as a stock broker/ sub-broker/ Depository Participant has been excluded from taking SCORES
authentication. However, the same entity is required to take SCORES authentication separately for each category of
intermediary registration granted to them by SEBI.
5.
Does the process of SCORES authentication impose any cost on the listed company or registered intermediary?
The process of SCORES authentication is absolutely free of cost.
6.
Whether the listed companies and SEBI registered intermediaries which have already taken SCORES
authentication are also required to send to SEBI their details as per Form-A and Form-B annexed to Circular no.
CIR/OIAE/1/2014 dated December 18, 2014?
SEBI vide Circular no. CIR/OIAE/1/2014 dated December 18, 2014 has mandated that all newly listed companies and
SEBI registered intermediaries are required to send their details as per Form-A and Form- B respectively in order to
obtain SCORES authentication.
However, the modified Form-A and Form-B capture some additional information like PAN, date of
incorporation/registration, office address, etc. Therefore, it is advisable that the listed companies and SEBI
registered intermediaries which have already taken SCORES authentication may also send to SEBI their updated and
additional details as per Form-A and Form-B respectively.
7.
Can the listed companies/registered intermediaries who have taken SCORES authentication, update their details
in SCORES?
Yes, the SCORES system enables the listed companies/registered intermediaries who have taken SCORES
authentication to update on their own certain information such as address, name/details of the compliance officer,
telephone numbers. Such information should be updated by the company/intermediary immediately when
warranted.
However Company name, State and Primary e-mail address cannot be updated by the entities themselves. To update
these fields, the entities may send an e-mail to scores@sebi.gov.in along with a revised Form-A with a request to
change the same.
8.
Where can the listed companies/registered intermediaries see the Direct Complaints?
Direct Complaints are those complaints where the investor are using the SCORES platform to approach the entity for
the first time with respect to their complaints. These complaints can be seen in a Tab called “Direct Complaint” on
the Home Page upon logging in by the entity. All listed companies and registered intermediaries must respond to the
“Direct complaints” within 30 days.